188比分

省内首例自体肝移植手术在兰州大学第一医院成功开展

日期: 2021-09-28 阅读: 来源:188比分 关键词:

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xiangguanyuedu:

肝包虫病是牧区较常见的寄生虫,也称肝棘球蚴病。在我国主要流行于畜牧业发达的新疆、青海、宁夏、甘肃、内蒙和西藏等省区。病因犬绦虫寄生在狗的小肠内,随粪便排出的虫卵常粘附在狗、羊的毛上,人吞食被虫卵污染的食物后,即被感染。虫卵经肠内消化液作用进入肝脏并在肝内逐渐长大,依所在部位引起邻近脏器的压迫症状,并可发生感染,破裂播散及空腔脏器阻塞等并发症。

自体肝移植是指应用肝移植技术将肝脏离体或半离体,在低温保存及低温持续灌注条件下,完成病灶的切除和余肝的修整,最后将修整好的余肝重新移植回体内的一种外科技术。适合于良性和低度恶性无法切除的肝内巨大占位性和侵犯重要肝内结构的病变。自体肝移植将复杂的肝切除技术、器官低温灌注保存技术、静脉转流技术及肝移植管道吻合等技术结合应用于现代肝脏外科,推动了现代肝胆外科技术的发展。自体肝移植不仅仅降低了部分复杂肝切除的风险,还使无法手术的患者重获手术机会。目前肝源紧缺,自体肝移植更加值得推广应用,术后无需吃抗排斥药,为患者谋得最大的福利。但因手术技术复杂,被称为肝胆外科、肝移植领域的巅峰手术。

发现错误?报错
文:张泽亮, 刘洁
图:赵振杰
视频:
编辑:肖超元
责任编辑:许文艳

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